fbpx
Challenge to ACA Constitutionality

Update: Challenging the ACA’s Constitutionality

Question: What is the current status of the court case that is challenging the ACA’s constitutionality?

Short Answer:  At this time, the case’s current status does not impact employers’ group health plans (e.g., it’s business as usual). However, employers should stay informed for the final decision in this case. Some states have already announced they will challenge this latest court ruling.

Full Answer: On December 14, 2018, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas (Court) issued a declaratory order in ongoing litigation regarding the individual mandate and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). The Court declared that the individual mandate is unconstitutional and declared that the rest of the ACA is unconstitutional.

As background, earlier this year, twenty states filed a lawsuit asking the Court to strike down the ACA entirely. The lawsuit came after the U.S. Congress passed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in December 2017 that reduced the individual mandate penalty to $0, starting in 2019.

The plaintiffs argued that, without the penalty, the individual mandate is unconstitutional because it can no longer be considered a tax. The plaintiffs argued that the individual mandate is not severable from the rest of the ACA so if the individual mandate is unconstitutional, then the rest of the ACA is unconstitutional.

The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) responded that the individual mandate is unconstitutional without the penalty. The DOJ also argued that because the guaranteed issue and community rating provisions are inseverable from the individual mandate, the guaranteed issue and community rating provisions are also unconstitutional.

The individual mandate requires most people to have a certain level of health insurance coverage or pay a penalty (for 2018, the penalty is $695 per adult and $347.50 per child, or 2.5 percent of household income, whichever is greater). Guaranteed issue prohibits insurers from basing coverage eligibility on an individual’s medical history and from excluding preexisting conditions on new plans. In the individual and small group markets, adjusted community rating means that premiums cannot be based on medical history and can only vary based on age, tobacco use, and geographic area.

Although the DOJ asked the Court to declare the individual mandate, guaranteed issue, and community rating provisions to be unconstitutional as of January 1, 2019, the Court went further than the DOJ’s request.

The Court found that the individual mandate is unconstitutional without the penalty and that the individual mandate is inseverable from the rest of the ACA. Because of its findings, the Court declared that the individual mandate and the entire ACA – including its guaranteed issue and community rating provisions – are unconstitutional.

The Court did not grant the plaintiffs’ request for a nationwide injunction to prohibit the ACA’s continued implementation and enforcement. The Court’s declaratory judgment simply defines the parties’ legal relationship and rights under the case (for example, that the individual mandate is unconstitutional as applied to the individual plaintiffs) at this relatively early stage in the case.

On December 16, 2018, Court issued an order that requires the parties to meet and discuss the case by December 21, 2018, and to jointly submit a proposed schedule for resolving the plaintiffs’ remaining claims. The parties’ proposed schedule for resolving these remaining claims is due to the Court by January 4, 2019.

As stated, the case’s current status does not impact employers’ group health plans. However, employers should stay informed for the final decision in this case.

——————————
Consult with your own attorney before taking any action.
This information is provided for educational purposes only; it’s not intended to provide legal advice.
Next Post Previous Post

Your email address will not be published.

The Benefit Company
5.0
Based on 13 reviews
powered by Google
Michael Taylor
Michael Taylor
15:28 07 Feb 20
I have been working with The Benefits Company for more than 3 years and our organization has been a client for many... more. Every member of the team is very responsive and professional. The often present to our C-Suite and the C-Suite values the partnership.TBC goes above and beyond with any request that we have as it pertains to our benefits or HR programs. Every year they present us with various considerations to consider for the next year. John Hearn is has great knowledge industry. Our account manager, Stacy Cook, is very responsive and is an extension of my team.read more
AngelaA
AngelaA
19:21 05 Feb 20
I can't say enough good things about my experience. During my cancer diagnosis, the last thing you want to worry about... is how your Insurance Company is going to actually work for you. I of course, had many questions, which were always answered in "full detail". Amy Towe, our Insurance representative could not have been more helpful. She would check on things for me and always got me an answer promptly. Amy was always available when ever I had a question. She defiantly made the entire process easier. I truly can say enough about her. Her caring was so appreciated throughout my entire journey.Angela Adamsread more
Anne Lalinde
Anne Lalinde
19:09 05 Feb 20
Have worked with The Benefit Company for years through different companies. I appreciate the boutique level services... provided. The Benefit Company is a class act.read more
Marilyn Wiederhold
Marilyn Wiederhold
17:36 05 Feb 20
I have worked with The Benefit Company for over 8 years. They are the best!! Amy Towe and Christine Muro are so... helpful. they make my life so much easier!!read more
Andrea Glass
Andrea Glass
17:30 05 Feb 20
My experience working with the benefit company has been SENSATIONAL! They are truly customer driven, and go above and... beyond to deliver amazing customer service!read more
See All Reviews